Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Songs of Friendship by James Whitcomb Riley. Half a hundred poems here voice in homely fashion the poet's greetings, and glorify the ties that everywhere bind kindly human hearts together.
Get A Copy. Paperback , 80 pages. Published March 1st by IndyPublish. More Details Original Title. Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Songs of Friendship , please sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 4.
Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Feb 20, Alien B rated it liked it. Although Riley had shunned politics for most of his life, he gave Harrison a personal endorsement and participated in fund-raising events and vote stumping. The election was exceptionally partisan in Indiana, and Riley found the atmosphere of the campaign stressful; he vowed never to become involved with politics again.
Upon Harrison's election, he suggested Riley be named the national poet laureate , but Congress failed to act on the request. Riley was still honored by Harrison and visited him at the White House on several occasions to perform at civic events. Riley and Nye made arrangements with James Pond to do two national tours during and The shows were usually forty-five minutes to an hour long and featured Riley reading often humorous poetry interspersed by stories and jokes from Nye.
The shows were informal, and the two men adjusted their performances based on their audiences' reactions.
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Riley memorized forty of his poems for the shows to add to his own versatility. At a New York City show in March , Augustin Daly was so enthralled by it he insisted on hosting the two men at a banquet with several leading Broadway theater actors. Despite serving as the act's main draw, Riley was not permitted to become an equal partner in the venture. Nye and Pond both received a percentage of the net profit, while Riley was paid a flat rate for each performance.
This meant the other men profited more than Riley from his own work.
To remedy this situation, Riley hired his brother-in-law Henry Eitel, an Indianapolis banker, to manage his finances and act on his behalf to try to extricate him from his contract. Despite discussions and assurances from Pond that he would work to address the problem, Eitel had no success. Pond ultimately made the situation worse by booking months of solid performances, not allowing Riley and Nye a day of rest.
These events affected Riley physically and emotionally; he became despondent and began his worst period of alcoholism. During November , several shows were cancelled after Riley became severely inebriated at a stop in Madison, Wisconsin. Walker began monitoring Riley and denying him access to liquor, but he found ways to evade him. At a stop at the Masonic Temple Theatre in Louisville, Kentucky , in January , Riley paid the hotel's bartender to sneak whiskey to his room. Nye terminated their partnership and the tour in response.
The reason for the breakup could not be kept secret, and hotel staff reported to the Louisville Courier-Journal they saw Riley in a drunken stupor walking around the hotel. He secretly left Louisville at night and returned to Indianapolis by train. Eitel defended him to the press to gain sympathy for Riley, explaining the abusive financial arrangements his partners had made. Riley refused to speak to reporters, however, and hid himself for weeks. Riley had stopped sending poetry to newspapers and magazines in the aftermath, but they soon began corresponding with him asking him to resume writing.
This encouraged Riley, and he made another attempt to give up liquor as he returned to his public career. The negative press did not end, however, as Nye and Pond threatened to sue Riley for causing their tour to end prematurely. Riley hired Indianapolis lawyer William P. Fishback to represent him and the men settled out of court. The exorbitant amount Riley was being sued for only reinforced public opinion that he had been mistreated by his partners and helped him maintain his image.
Nye and Riley remained good friends, and Riley later wrote Pond and Walker were the source of the problems. Riley's poetry had become popular in Britain, in large part due to his book Old-Fashioned Roses. In May he traveled to England to tour and made what he considered a literary pilgrimage.
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He landed in Liverpool and traveled first to Dumfries , Scotland , the home and burial place of Robert Burns. Riley had long been compared to Burns by critics because they both used dialect in their poetry and drew inspiration from their rural homes. Augustin Daly arranged for him to give a poetry reading to prominent British actors in London. Riley quickly tired of traveling abroad and began longing for home, writing to his nephew that he regretted having left the United States.
He curtailed his journey and returned to New York City in August. By , Riley had authored almost all his famous poems. The few poems he wrote during the s were generally less well received by the public. When Neighborly Poems was published in , a critic working for the Chicago Tribune pointed out the use of Riley's earliest works, commenting that he was using his popularity to push his crude earlier works onto the public only to make money.
Although Riley was wealthy from his books, he was able to triple his annual income by touring. He found the lure hard to resist and decided to return to the lecture circuit in He hired William C. Glass to assist Henry Eitel in managing his affairs. While Eitel handled the finances, Glass worked to organize his lecture tours. He was careful not to book busy schedules; Riley only performed four times a week and the tours were short, lasting only three months.
During his tour, Riley lectured mostly in the western United States, and in his tour in the east. His performances were major events, and generally sold out within days of their announcements. In he allowed the author Douglass Sherley to join his tour. Sherley was a millionaire who published his own books. The literary community had dismissed his work, but Riley was instrumental in helping him gain acceptance.
In Riley undertook his last tour, making stops in most of the major cities in the United States. He and Sherley continued a show very similar to those that he and Nye had done. Riley often lamented the lack of change in the program. He found when he tried to introduce new material, or left out any of his most popular poems, the crowds would demand encores until he agreed to recite their favorites.
Following the death of his father in , Riley began regretting his choice not to marry or have children. He had repurchased his childhood home in and allowed his divorced sister, Mary, his widowed sister-in-law, Julia, and their daughters to live in it. Riley was well loved by his family. Riley returned to live near Indianapolis later in , boarding in a private home in the Lockerbie district, then a small suburb.
He developed a close friendship with his landlords, the Nickum and Holstein families. The home became a destination for local schoolchildren to whom Riley would regularly recite poetry and tell stories. Riley's friends often visited his home, and he developed a closer relationship with Eugene Debs. The same year, he began compiling his poems of most interest to children into a new book entitled Rhymes of Childhood. The book was richly illustrated by Howard Chandler Christy , and Riley wrote a few new poems for the book under the pseudonym "Uncle Sydney. It has remained in print continually since and helped earn him the nickname the "Children's Poet".
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Even Riley's rival, Clemens, commented that the book was "charming" and made him weep for his "lost youth". In , Riley performed four shows in Denver. He was a regular speaker at Decoration Day events and delivered poetry before the unveiling of monuments in Washington, D. Newspapers began referring to him as the "National Poet", "the poet laureate of America", and "the people's poet laureate".
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The only new poetry Riley published after the end of the century were elegies for famous friends. The poetic qualities of the poems were often poor, but they contained many popular sentiments concerning the deceased. Because of the poor quality of the poems, his friends and publishers asked that he stop writing them, but he refused. In , Riley's publishers suggested that he create a multi-volume series of books containing his complete life works. There were eventually sixteen volumes, which were finally completed in Such works were uncommon during the lives of writers, attesting to the uncommon popularity Riley had achieved.
His works had become staples for Ivy League literature courses and universities began offering him honorary degrees. The first was Yale in , followed by a Doctorate of Letters from the University of Pennsylvania in Wabash College and Indiana University granted him similar awards. Riley was influential in helping other poets start their careers, having particularly strong influences on Hamlin Garland, William Allen White , and Edgar Lee Masters. Riley thought Dunbar's work was "worthy of applause" and wrote him letters of recommendation to help him get his work published.
In , Riley's doctor diagnosed him with neurasthenia , a nervous disorder, and recommended long periods of rest as a cure. During the winter months he moved to Miami, Florida, and during summer spent time with his family in Greenfield. He made only a few trips during the decade, including one to Mexico in He became very depressed by his condition, writing to his friends that he thought he could die at any moment, and often used alcohol for relief. In March , Riley was stricken a second time with Bell's palsy and partial deafness, the symptoms only gradually eased over the course of the year.
Hoping for a quick recovery, his family kept the news from the press until September. Riley found the loss of use of his writing hand the worst part of the stroke, which served only to further depress him. In he donated land and funds to build a new library on Pennsylvania Avenue. His inability to write, however, nearly ended his production of poems. George Ade worked with him from through to write his last five poems and several short autobiographical sketches as Riley dictated.
His publisher continued recycling old works into new books, which remained in high demand. Since the mids, Riley had been the nation's most read poet, a trend that accelerated at the turn of the century. In Riley recorded readings of his most popular poetry to be sold by the Victor Talking Machine Company.
He was the subject of three paintings by T. His image became a nationally known icon and many businesses capitalized on his popularity to sell their products; Hoosier Poet brand vegetables became a major trade-name in the Midwest. In , the governor of Indiana instituted Riley Day on the poet's birthday. Schools were required to teach Riley's poems to their pupils, and banquet events were held in his honor around the state. In and the celebration was national after being proclaimed in most states.
The annual celebration continued in Indiana until On July 22, , Riley suffered a second stroke. He recovered enough during the day to speak and joke with his companions. He died before dawn on July Indiana Governor Samuel M. Ralston offered to allow Riley to lie in state at the Indiana Statehouse — Abraham Lincoln is the only other person to have previously received such an honor. The next day a private funeral ceremony was held and attended by many dignitaries.see url
Riley Songs of Friendship
A large funeral procession then carried him to Crown Hill Cemetery where he was buried in a tomb at the top of the hill, the highest point in the city of Indianapolis. Within a year of Riley's death, many memorials were created, including several by the James Whitcomb Riley Memorial Association.
The James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children was created and named in his honor by a group of wealthy benefactors and opened in In the following years, other memorials intended to benefit children were created, including Camp Riley for youth with disabilities. The memorial foundation purchased the poet's Lockerbie home in Indianapolis, and it is now maintained as a museum.
It is the United States' only late-Victorian preservation, featuring authentic furniture and decor from that era. His birthplace and boyhood home, now the James Whitcomb Riley House, is preserved as a historical site. It served with the United States Maritime Commission until being scrapped in In , the U.
Postal Service issued a cent stamp honoring Riley. As a lasting tribute, the citizens of Greenfield hold a festival every year in Riley's honor. Taking place the first or second weekend of October, the "Riley Days" festival traditionally commences with a flower parade in which local school children place flowers around Myra Reynolds Richards ' statue of Riley on the county courthouse lawn, while a band plays lively music in honor of the poet. Weeks before the festival, the festival board has a queen contest.
He has played at Celtic Connections several times with Dirk Powell, and also toured with Tim Eriksen in the States, as part of the Cold Mountain film tour, and as a duo.
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Riley Songs of Friendship (Classic Reprint)
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